His Mouth is Full of Cursing and Deceit and Oppression

Emmet Sullivan His Mouth is Full of Cursing

How has the faithful city become a prostitute! She that was full of justice…”  Isaiah 1:21

Emmet Sullivan
Image 1: The Sullivan dynasty (click on image to zoom)

Notes on The Search Methodology
The image analytics, text analytics, and the linkages in this search came from video, audio, social media posts, and various documents (for more details on the methodology see Military Romantic Scams – The Theory and Practice). All imagery has been deepfake verified prior to processing and posting. Results containing content such as nudity, drug use, violence, have been excluded from the final composites.

Out of the mouth of babes
Image 2:
Out of the mouth of babes—the conversational art of the Sullivans. Sampling of some of the text from the harvested audio and imagery. Frequent keyword use includes: “shittt”, “shit”, “hoe”, “nigguh”, and “bitch”

In all expensive streetware urban gear flexin on these hoes
Image 3: Sampling of an AI object classifier results for the visual search “Emmitt Sullivan” + “Sportswear”. The visual searches compiled dozens of catalogs that included jewelry, art, cloths, glasses, tattoos, furniture, vehicles, alcoholic beverages, travel, and social and professional networks.    

Sullivan Glass Catalog 1
Image 4
: Sampling from the ‘Sullivan’ glasses catalog

Sullivan tattoo Catalolg 1
Image 5
: Sampling of the ‘Sullivan’ tattoo catalog

The Honorable James Comey
Video 1:
September 22, 2017, the honorable James Comey delivering the convocation address at Howard University

References and Sources
XRVision Sentinel AI Platform – Face recognition, image reconstruction, and object classification

August 23, 2017, Howard University Appoints James Comey 2017 Opening Convocation Keynote Speaker and Endowed Chair in Public Policy

Psalms 10:7-11
ז אָלָה, פִּיהוּ מָלֵא–וּמִרְמוֹת וָתֹךְ ; תַּחַת לְשׁוֹנוֹ, עָמָל וָאָוֶן
7 His mouth is full of cursing and deceit and oppression; under his tongue is mischief and iniquity.

ח יֵשֵׁב, בְּמַאְרַב חֲצֵרִים–בַּמִּסְתָּרִים, יַהֲרֹג נָקִי ; עֵינָיו, לְחֵלְכָה יִצְפֹּנוּ
8 He sits in the lurking-places of the villages; in secret places he slay the innocent; his eyes are on the watch for the helpless.

ט יֶאֱרֹב בַּמִּסְתָּר, כְּאַרְיֵה בְסֻכֹּה–יֶאֱרֹב, לַחֲטוֹף עָנִי ; יַחְטֹף עָנִי, בְּמָשְׁכוֹ בְרִשְׁתּוֹ
9 He lies in wait in a secret place as a lion in his lair, he lies in wait to catch the poor;
he catches the poor, when he draws him up in his net.

י ודכה (יִדְכֶּה) יָשֹׁחַ ; וְנָפַל בַּעֲצוּמָיו, חלכאים (חֵל כָּאִים
10 He crouches, he bows down, and the helpless fall into his mighty claws.

יא אָמַר בְּלִבּוֹ, שָׁכַח אֵל ; הִסְתִּיר פָּנָיו, בַּל-רָאָה לָנֶצַח
11 He has said in his heart: ‘G-d has forgotten; He [G-d] hides His face; He [G-d] will never see.’

Copyright 2020 Yaacov Apelbaum, All Rights Reserved.

J’Accuse

The Credentialed Class That Mowed Down the New York Nursaing Homes

“There are six things that the Lord hates, seven that are an abomination to him: haughty eyes, a lying tongue, and hands that shed innocent blood, a heart that devises wicked plans, feet that make haste to run to evil, a false witness who breathes out lies, and one who sows discord among brothers.”  Proverbs 6:16-19

To Andrew Cuomo J.D., Howard A. Zucker, M.D., J.D., and Sally Dreslin M.S, R.N.

I am at a loss to explain why neither one of you has been fired, resigned in disgrace, been arrested, or why you Mr. Cuomo haven’t been impeached yet. Somehow, all three of you have managed to maintain your poorly deserved prestige and professional licenses, and you continue to brightly shine in the daily MSM briefings. This defies all logic as any other public servant responsible for what you have done by now would have been labeled with the shameful stains of negligence, greed, and cowardice—but not you!

Despite your misconduct and total dereliction of duties, you still remain inexplicably unscathed. But what this wretched Covid-19 affair has cast on your reputation won’t wash away with spin, brevity, or jokes.

Cuomo brothers delivering the Covie-19 jokes on CNN
Image 1
: May 21, 2020, the Cuomos Covid-19 comedy hour on CNN

You recently issued another administrative directive, or, might I say, royal proclamation befitting a tyrannical monarch not accountable to anyone nor the law of the land. This order reversed your previous decree that all hospitals can transfer Covid-19 patients directly to nursing homes and care facilities. This is an affirmation of the criminal act which resulted in the deaths of over 6,000 (more likely double that figure) patients in the New York state and continues even now at the rate of 10-30 per day.

Zucker the over credentialed tool
Image 2
:  Howard A. Zucker, the over-credentialed high priest of the medical intelligentsia and the New York Commissioner of Health, getting more useless degrees and telling the world how he eradicated the Zika and Ebola viruses. Zucker was the leading NYS medical authority to sign the nursing home death warrant directive 

History shall record that it was the following perverse order that led New York state to commit a heinous crime against the weakest and most vulnerable members of our society:

“No resident shall be denied re-admission or admission to the NH solely based on a confirmed or suspected diagnosis of COVID-19. NHs are prohibited from requiring a hospitalized resident who is determined medically stable to be tested for COVID-19 prior to admission or readmission.”

NYS DOH covid19- NH Admissions Order 032520-1
Image 3
: The New York Department of Health directive to move Covid-19 patients from hospital to nursing home and the prohibition against requiring testing prior to admission

Even if your vile enablers at CNN and NYT suppress the truth for a while longer, you can be certain that what you have plotted in the dark will be revealed in the daylight, and what you have schemed in the inner rooms will be proclaimed from the rooftops. Since you have subverted all channels of justice, it should now be the duty of every resident in the state to speak out and not become an accomplice in this crime.

And it is to the three of you that I shall proclaim this with all the revulsion that a man can summon with the written word:

You were aware of the potential devastating consequences of your directive prior to your actions—but you issued the directive nevertheless. To whom if not to you, Governor Cuomo, the first magistrate of the state of New York, shall I reveal the treacherous nature of your band of Ivy league credentialed thugs?

Howard Zucker and Andrew Cuomu
Image 4: New York Governor Andrew Cuomo and Howard Zucker, the New York Commissioner of Health spreading Covid-19 disinformation

At the root of it all are the three of you: Andrew M. Cuomo Governor, Howard A. Zucker,  Commissioner of Health, and Sally Dreslin, Executive Deputy Commissioner of Health. You, your media accomplices, and your healthcare industry ‘donors’ are the prime movers behind the death sentence that you pronounced on the thousands of high risk elderly New Yorkers. 

I realize that at the end of the day, Governor Cuomo, you are a just a manipulative, soulless political opportunist who believes that there are no limits to what you and your entourage can do and get away with. Nonetheless, you are still accountable to G-d—to whom you will ultimately have to answer. I have not despaired of the triumph of justice, in this case, I believe with the strongest conviction that truth is on the march and neither you nor your wicked lot can stop it. The positions are clear: on one side are your legions of darkness that will do all in their power to subvert the truth; on the other side is the sons of light who will fight to expose it. 

With the truth in mind, I level these charges against you:

  1. I accuse you and your cohorts of being the diabolical masterminds of this death directive and of covering your dirty deeds by all manners of evil machinations.
  2. I accuse you of inflicting through your directives untold emotional pain, suffering, and psychological distress on thousands of family members and front line medical workers at nursing homes.
  3. I accuse you of one of the greatest instances of incompetence and medical malpractice in recorded history.
  4. I accuse you of professional negligence raising to the level of criminal negligence and manslaughter.
  5. I accuse you of surreptitiously passing immunity legislation to protect yourselves and your allies from prosecution and in so doing being guilty of conspiracy and crimes against humanity.
  6. I accuse you of complicity in a crime that was driven by financial, political, and professional greed.
  7. I accuse you of violating public trust by hiding, subverting, and suppressing evidence that show your culpability in these crimes.
  8. I accuse you of conducting a fraudulent inquiry by which I mean a biased root cause analysis of the nursing home deaths and then redirecting/misdirecting blame to the frontline medical staff, patient families, ‘CDC directives’, and G-d. 
  9. I accuse you of creating and referencing reports and medical data that were deceitful including deliberately exaggerating the need for 30,000 ventilators and claiming that NY hospitals could not handle Covid-19 patients.
  10. I accuse you of conspiring with media outlets like NYT and CNN to conduct political influence operations against the residents of New York state and a campaign to mislead the public and cover up your wrongdoings.
  11. I accuse the New York State justice system including judges and DAs and law enforcement in the local jurisdictions where these crimes took place of facilitating a judicial homicide by failing to stop these crimes and investigate and persecute the guilty parties.

As for the people I am accusing, I have never met them nor do I bear them any personal ill will. To me they are mere tools, corrupt grifters, purveyors of evil, instruments of greed, and agents of harm to our society. I am taking this measure to hasten their exposure in the hope that by doing so, tens of thousands of innocent crime victims and their families will find some solace and the justice they deserve.

In 1690, John Locke wrote:

“…where the body of the people, or any single man, is deprived of their right, or is under the exercise of a power without right, and have no appeal on earth, then they have a liberty to appeal to heaven…” 

Three hundred and thirty years later, this is the appeal to heaven from thousands of innocent victims.

The Hidden $$$ Trail Behind Cuomo’s Covid-19 Directives
In 2018, as Governor Andrew Cuomo faced a challenge to his reelection bid in the New York State Democratic primary, he got a last minute $1m cash infusion from the General New York Hospital Association (GNYHA)—a powerful NY healthcare industry group. On April 2, 2020, he repaid the favor when he quietly signed legislation shielding hospital and nursing home executives from any lawsuits stemming from the Covid-19 outbreak. The clauses, inserted into the annual budget bill, gave blanket immunity protections for healthcare industry executive and administrators, the same individuals and institutions that have made a fortune moving sick Covid-19 patients from the hospitals to nursing homes and long term care facilities.

What was the end result from the nursing homes front lines? Rampant and improperly rationed shortage of all PPE supplies, a blind eye turned to the possible presence of the virus by not testing patients and staff, requiring sick staff to return to work before 14 full days of quarantine—after as little as two days fever free, irresponsibly mixing the healthy with the sick, ZERO infectious disease control trainings for staff. And that’s just the short list.

Cuomo’s legal immunity legislation didn’t just happen in a vacuum. It turns out that GNYHA gave Cuomo’s New York State Democratic committee large donations which were deposited into his party’s housekeeping account and used to bankroll his re-election. The money among other things was used to buy TV ads to support his proposed budget, launch his progressive anti-gun crusade, and his 2018 campaign.

The 2018 GNYHA donation is an anomaly because it shows a massive (almost a four hundred percent increase) in donations from 2017. This move strongly suggest that the hospitals and nursing homes funding GNYHA were planning to cash in their donation through some favorable legislation or state action.

GNYHA Donations 2018
Chart 1: GNYHA historical New York state campaign donations

Tracing the donations shows that GNYHA affiliates gave over $900K directly to Cuomo’s campaign. In total, Cuomo and the NYS democratic party committee (which he controlled) received close to $2.3m from various hospitals and nursing home donors.

Show me Hospitals & Nursing Homes Contributions to CUOMO, ANDREW M in elections in 2018
Image 5
: Sample extract of 2018 campaign donations to Andrew Cuomo by NY hospitals and nursing homes

‘La Famiglia’, The Cuomo’s DeRosa Connection
According to the New York Public Committee on Public Ethics, GNYHA paid $60,000 to the MirRam Group in March-April 2020, according to the firm’s report. John Emrick, a lobbyist at the firm previously served as the chief of staff for the Independent Democratic Conference state senate caucus, lobbying the Senate majority leader’s office on “safe staffing” and “medical malpractice”.

Another GNYHA lobby firm, the Bolton-St Johns, gave Cuomo’s campaign $40,000 during his 2018 re-election. That firm employs Giorgio DeRosa, Joseph DeRosa, and Jessica Davos–the father, brother, and sister-law who is Cuomo’s current secretary and top aid, Melissa DeRosa.

The ‘La Famiglia’ and the DeRosa family Connection
Image 6
: The DeRosa family enterprise

Bolton’s website describes Giorgio DeRosa as a partner and the firm’s “chief Albany lobbyist.” According to New York state records, GNYHA pays the firm $24,167 a month to lobby on “Budget/Appropriations” work.

Following a typical plot line of The Sopranos, it is not surprising that the linkage analysis confirmed that Giorgio and Joseph DeRosa were listed as lobbyists in GNYHA state disclosure forms for years, including when Melissa DeRosa was serving as Cuomo’s chief of staff and after she was promoted to his top aid.

Yup, you read it correctly. Giorgio’s daughter Melissa was Cuomo’s gate keeper when GNYHA was throwing millions at Cuomo’s via the lobbying efforts of her father.

How Cuomo’s political Greed machine and his healthcare industry backers created the perfect death storm in NYs nursing homes
Image 7: How Cuomo’s political greed machine and his GNYHA healthcare industry backers created the perfect death storm in NYS nursing homes

References and sources
XRVision Sentinel AI Platform – Face recognition, image reconstruction, and object classification
Add Zucker to list of DOH officials who can’t answer this simple question
Leading Lights: Change agents for nursing’s future
Cuomo promotes Chief of Staff, Melissa DeRosa, to be his secretary
A Lobbyist gave $900,000 in donations: Whose money is it?
NYS hospital donations to Cuomo 2018
NYS public health law 2020
The Derosas lobbying for GNYHA

The War Scroll – The War of the Sons of Light Against the Sons of Darkness

What Cuomo knew about the Covid-19 risks and what officials in other states do
May 27, 2020 Cuomo’s advice to a friend about sending their elderly parents to a nursing home
You have a vulnerable person best to keep them at home… Keep them in a situation where you have the most control. That is the blunt truth. That’s what I would do with my mother.”

Health Secretary Rachel Levine’s removes her mom from care home amid epidemic 

How the Floride governor handled the Covid-19 in nursing home problem – March 15, 2020 Florida governor DeSantis issued an executive order that prohibited transfer of patients who had tested positive for coronavirus into a long-term care facilities.

The Covid-19 healthcare industry economic bubble
The sudden outset and rapid spread of the Covid-19 virus created an economic bubble for several healthcare industry verticals. medical equipment suppliers, hospitals, and nursing homes were able (with the full political backing of the state) to create artificial equipment shortages and inflate the prices for services by factors of 2x-6x. The following table illustrates identical treatment/services and their costs before and after the Covid-19 outbreak.

Item #

Treatment or Service

Before

After

1

One day in an intensive care unit (ICU)

$2,636

$9,736

2

Daily treatment and medicine for heart, kidney, and lungs related complications

$500

$1,612

3

One day of ventilator use

$1,522

$2,835

Total for one day of treatment

$4,658

$17,741

 Table 1: Covid-19 related treatments/services and their costs (based on the billing schedule of the Swedish Health Services hospital network)

*** Update 09/30/2020 ***
Let the re-writing of history begin. In a September 30, 2020 interview with Finger Lakes Daily News, Cuomo stated that Covid-19 patients were never sent to nursing homes. He claimed:

“It never happened”. “We never needed nursing home beds because we always had hospital beds,” …”So it just never happened in New York where we needed to say to a nursing home, ‘We need you to take this person even though they’re Covid-positive.’ It never happened.”

 

 

Copyright 2020 Yaacov Apelbaum, All Rights Reserved.

US Free Speech, Meet Your Wealthy Chinese Fact Checker

Meet Your Chinese Censor

In the 1920s, Supreme Court Justice Louis Brandeis wrote several opinions upholding free speech claims. In one opinion he argued for broader protections for free speech:

“Those who won our independence … believed that freedom to think as you will and to speak as you think are means indispensable to the discovery and spread of political truth; that without free speech and assembly discussion would be futile; that with them, discussion affords ordinarily adequate protection against the dissemination of noxious doctrine; that the greatest menace to freedom is an inert people; that public discussion is a political duty; and that this should be a fundamental principle of the American government.”

Much ink has dried since this statement was written. These days, most on-line platforms the likes of Facebook and YouTube—as a matter of policy—mass block or just delete ‘disagreeable’ content and users. For example, if you say anything about the faulty Covid-19 predictive math models that disagree with WHO or CDC, you will almost certainly run into one of a dozen of fact checker thug death squads, a world-wide network of progressively funded censorship organizations who patrol the internet 24x7x365 using various AI tools to search and destroy counter-progressive narratives. 

On April 19th, YouTube CEO Susan Wojcicki openly stated that YouTube would remove any videos that provide “problematic” information related to Covid-19. Wojcicki defined problematic as:

…anything that would go against World Health Organization recommendations would be a violation of our policy.”

The other day, I was asked by a friend to check out the Facebook fact checker that blocked the now banned YouTube video of two US doctors discussing the faulty predictive models that are being used to justify strict Covid-19 quarantines. The video is completely innocuous, two medical professionals going over publically available stats and discussing the pros and cons of lock downs and aggressive social distancing.     

It turns out that the hitjob that led to blocking that video was done by Health Feedback, a unit within an organization called Science Feedback which itself is a Google/Facebook proxy established for the purpose of managing progressive medical related narratives. The following is the profile of one of one of these science censors who banned the video. 

Introducing Flora Teoh
Flora Teoh is a contributor to several ‘fact-checking’ organizations such as Maldita.es, International Fact-Checking Network (IFCN), and the International Data Verification Network, which aims to promote ‘good’ journalistic practices by fighting the dissemination of what they term “fake-news”. IFCN is an offshoot of the Poynter Institute for media studies that was created in 2015. Poynter gets the majority of its funding grants from entities such as: Google, the MacArthur Foundation, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, and the Carnegie Foundation.

James Comey The Wise Civil Servent
Image 1
: Flora Teoh AKA “flowersandcider” reading James Comey, the respected, wise, and trusted civil servant

Teoh’s affiliated organizations are part of an international ‘progressive’ data verification network supported by the Open Society Foundations (George Soros) and the Omidyar Network (Pierre Omidyar). Omidyar is also funding Defeat Disinfo, an AI information warfare platform designed to fight president Trump’s Covid-19 messaging. Both Soros and Omidyar have sponsored The Intercept, a publication that released documents stolen by Snowden. In 2018, they also helped launch the Luminate platform that has since distributed over $314 million to finance progressive journalistic projects around the world. Health Feedback is one of these projects.

Bio wise, Teoh is a native Chinese speaker with professional and family ties in mainland China. She had a privileged upbringing in a wealthy family in Singapore. She is a globetrotter (often via first/business class and in luxury hotels). In 2016-2020, she visited and lived in Europe with the grand tour costing upwards of $100K. Beside the 5 star accommodations she also managed to live life to the fullest and attend gourmet cooking schools like the Le Cordon Bleu.

Let Them Eat Cake Fact Checker Style
Image 2: Let Them Eat Cake – The gourmet cuisine and culinary life of Flora Teoh, your Chinese science fact checker

Teoh got her B.Sc, in 2012 and her Ph.D. in 2017 from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. In October of 2017, she started her post-doc at the Singapore Agency for Science Technology and Research (A*STAR). Her area of specialty is candidiasis (Yeast infection). She was let go after ten months due to a ‘poor professional fit.’ In July of 2018, she joined the Asian Scientist Magazine as an intern but left after two months due to ‘performance-related’ issues.

The pretentiousness perfect life Flora Teoh
Image 3: The never ending grand tour

Academically, she seems to be an under performer. Her grade history shows that she almost flunked a test (scored 60%) in “Monitoring of Clinical Trials by Industry Sponsors”, which ironically, is the basis of her proclaimed expertise for some of her critical fact checks.

Flora Teoh
Image 4
: A snapshot of the life of Flora Teoh, a Chinese/Singaporean national who is the Science Editor of Science Feedback, a Facebook proxy organization designed to censor and block scientific free speech.   

In November of 2018, Teoh joined Science Feedback. Her main assignments for 2020 have been to:

  • Monitor and control political discourse related to science 
  • Gate keep and censor ‘conservative’ scientific content
  • Promote media that is aligned with ‘progressive’ thought

So it turns out that the arbitrator of truth that controls our free speech in the US is a Chinese woman from Singapore who is living a life of luxury in Europe, all expenses paid by her wealthy family back in Asia. No siree, Bob! You can’t make up this stuff even if you wanted to.

If you are still trying to figure out how to get around the social media ‘truth’ police, you may be interested to know that Flora Teoh is advertising her freelance writing services emphasizing her ability to “produce compelling narrative.“  Why not ping her and get her to review/write your next post?  If you’re lucky, you may be able to catch her between gourmet meals while advocating hermetic quarantine for the rest of us in the US. Her complete lack of expertise in your domain is not an issue, she is more than happy to write about “unfamiliar” topics. I also hear her rates are quite reasonable, last advertised she was only charging $30 per hour.

Flora Teoh Writing Services $25 per hour

*** Update 05/24/2020 ***
Over the past two weeks there have been a number of publications that aggressively promote the medicine Remdesivir and attack the usefulness of Hydroxychloroquine for the treatment of Covid-19.  These publications have been now officially adapted by the social media censors as the new standard in suppressing any content that challenges their conclusions.

Yesterday, CNN spent 90 minutes and 54 seconds promoting a study that claimed that taking hydroxychloroquine while battling COVID-19 can be fatal. MSNBC dedicated 19 minutes and 19 seconds to the same claim. The source of the CNN and MSNBC claim is an article published in Lancet titled “Hydroxychloroquine or chloroquine with or without a macrolide for treatment of COVID-19: a multinational registry analysis”.

Evaluating the Lancet article, authors, and their network shows that the underlying data in it was forged and that the company Surgisphere and it’s CEO Sapan Desai—one of the authors of the paper—are knowingly perpetuating fraud on the scientific community and US regulatory bodies like the CDC who use this content for policy making decisions. It also seems that the Lancet editorial board was aware of the ‘unverified data’ in the paper but opted to publish it anyway.

The co-authors of the Hydroxychloroquine Article
Image 5: The co-authors of the Lancet paper “Hydroxychloroquine or chloroquine with or without a macrolide for treatment of COVID-19: a multinational registry analysis”. It’s evident from internal correspondences that Mehra, Rschitzka, and Patel have not seen or peer reviewed any of the data used in the article published by Desai in Lancet and just rubber stamped the publication

Sapan Sharankishor Desai Profile
Image 6: The life and works of Sapan Desai, the CEO of Sergishpere Quartclinical and his non existent AI generated database of 10K-15K Covid-19 patients. The massive database turned out to be a spreadsheet that he created manually based on target values given to him

Surgisphere Linkedin
Image 7: The Sergishpere company footprint of two employees (one was part-time), which according to its CEO, is one of the world’s leading medical AI analytics organizations

Courtney Herz
Image 8: The literary an scientific expertise of Courntey Herz, Sergisphere’s senior science editor

Ariane Anderson sales marketing director of Surgisphere and subsidiary Quartz Clinical
Image 9: The professional profile of Ariane Anderson the director of sales for Sergisphere and QuartzClinical and her boss Sapin Desai the CEO promoting their nonexistent AI based analytics platform

Christine Rouzioux and Gilead
Image 10
: The profile of Christine Rouzioux and her Gilead and Wuhan P4 lab linkages. Rouzioux is the source of the NYT hit piece against Didier Raoult, the French doctor who advocates the use of Hydroxychloroquine for the treatment of Covid-19

QuartzClinical Wins Frost and Sullivan Best Practices Award
Image 11
: QuartzClinical wins the lucrative “Best Practices Award”. A pay-to-play service offered by one of the leading market research companies Frost & Sullivan (their motto is “Vision is the art of seeing things invisible.”) to Sergisphere, a shell company with a non-existing product

References and Sources
XRVision Sentinel AI Platform – Face recognition, image reconstruction, and object classification

When Tedros Moves His Lips, Beijing Speaks
Today’s Special:Contaminated Bat Soup and Stale CCP Disinformation Salad
The Picture of Dorian Gray Society 
Facebook Gave Data Access to Chinese Firm Flagged by U.S. Intelligence
Facebook and Google Support for Chinese Digital Surveillance

Copyright 2020 Yaacov Apelbaum, All Rights Reserved.

Why Are the Chinese Made IR Thermometers So Cold?

Don't even bother drawing your Chinese made IR thermometer

A family member in the medical field recently voiced frustration about the low quality of some non-contact infrared thermometers they received. It seem that the entire batch yields consistently lower temperatures when compared to oral thermometers.

I thought that this was strange. Typically, instruments for medical use are certified for accuracy prior to shipment. Considering that these devices come with a certificate of calibration, I reasoned that they shouldn’t produce such discrepancies. Early detection of the onset of high fever is a key factor in Covid-19 patient care. The ability to accurately track body temperature is also critical in determining if a patient is contagious and would trigger decisions regarding treatment, quarantine, and use of PPE gear.

Just like in the case of a faulty car speedometer that displays lower speeds and results in speeding tickets, the usage of faulty thermometers that consistently show lower temperatures can have a detrimental effect on patients and medical staff. Considering that we are in the midst of a severe flu outbreak, I decided to take a closer look. IR thermometers are relatively simple devices that can be easily disassembled and tested, so, I spent a few hours this weekend in the lab digging into the Chinese IR thermometer mystery. 

Possible Reasons for Inaccurate IR Thermometer Readings
I do considerable amount of work in the the lab and have at times ran into equipment gremlins. In most cases, there is a simple non-mystical explanation for why test equipment fails. In the case of an IR thermometer this can include:

  1. The instrument is within the actual variance of its stated accuracy
  2. The instrument has faulty firmware, sensor, logic circuitry, or other board components
  3. The instrument is not being used correctly
  4. There are some unusual environmental conditions that effect the measurement (i.e. humidity)
  5. The instrument wasn’t calibrated prior to shipment
  6. The instruments detection range doesn’t cover the object temperate

Test Specimens
For the test samples I’ve selected the top of the line IR thermometers, all in the $60-$140 price range. There are many cheaper units on the market, but, I deliberately went with the higher-end devices because they claim to have been calibrated and certified, to be “Built for Accuracy”, and be “CE FCC RoHS FDA” approved.

Digital Infrared Thermometers
Image 1: The IR thermometers used in the evaluation

To keep the test conclusive, I avoided complex correlations of skin to core body temperate or evaluating the thermometer accuracy across a wide range of surfaces and temperate ranges. All of my testing was done in a controlled environment with respect to humidity and temperature and followed an identical sequence of repeatable steps.

IR Thermometer Test Setup
Image 2
: The test setup

The Testing Procedure

  1. The IR thermometer was kept at room temperature on the workbench where the test was conducted.
  2. Unit emissivity was set to the range of 0.95-0.97.
  3. The lens was cleaned before each measurement.
  4. Distance to Target ratio was kept constant and followed the manufacturer’s recommendation for each unit.
  5. The IR thermometer was held in a bracket and the lens was pointed at a 90° angle from the surface.
  6. Each IR thermometer executed 20 consecutive readings with 5 second lap between each reading.
  7. All measurements were taken at the same location about 1/2” off the inner canthus eye area.

IR Temperature Measurement Location
Image 3
: Test measurement location and thermal distribution on the human face

Test Results
All of the Chinese made thermometers exhibited a wide range of results. They were inconsistent, fluctuating by as much as 5 degrees between consecutive measurements and frequently erred on the colder side. The Fluke 62 Max IR thermometer performed in a consistent predictable manner and passed the ‘Ice Water’ and ‘Infrared Comparator Cup’ tests within stated tolerances. All four Chinese made IR thermometers failed to pass both of these tests.

Of note is the high-low temperature variation pattern of the Chinese made thermometers. The test population indicates that all four devices were at times able to detect skin temperate of about 96F, but its unclear whey they didn’t do so in a consistent manner.

IR Thermometer Model vs. Skin Temperature Readings
Chart 1
: The results of 20 consecutive skin temperature readouts for the five IR thermometers. A normal range range for skin temperature is 33.5C-36.9C or 92.3F-98.4F

Running 100 consecutive tests on one of the Chines made thermometers (the QJ-CWQ20) shows a distinctive cyclic pattern resembling the output exhibited by some sort of a pseudorandom number generator logic. This could be some sort of a leveling function, but it could also be an attempt by the firmware writer to compensate for poor sensor performance or an evasion mechanism–The IR thermometer equivalent of VW’s dieselgate.

IR Thermometer 100 Consecutive Readings
Chart 2
: The results of 100 consecutive skin temperature readouts from the QJ-CWQ20 IR thermometer.

Testing the performance of the thermopile detector (the IR sensor) on all devices shows that they functioned properly and returned readings consistent with the Fluke 62 Max sensor.

Thermopile Detector
Image 4: Typical analog thermopile sensor used in the IR thermometers

Based on the consistent thermopile readouts on all devices and the occurrence of the temperature anomalies in only the Chinese thermometers, it’s unlikely that the cyclic pattern of low and high temperature readouts is attributable to individual components and/or circuit design issues.

The four thermometers are made by different vendors, each has different components and board layouts; suggesting that this is some sort of a shared problem. And, if this is the case, then the shared source must be faulty logic or firmware. Either way, this is a critical issue because it renders all of them are unreliable.

Poor Overall Quality and Hostile Intent 
Two additional data points that relate to the of faulty Chinese medical equipment theory are the large amount of ‘defective’ Covid-19 test kits and sub standard PPE gear sold in the west. In this context, we can also consider the possibility that these defective devices were shipped knowingly. This is suggested from one discussion on the Chinese DingTalk platform (an Alibaba company) where the topic of conversation was deliberately lowering the IR thermometer threshold for units sold in the US. In this 178 member group chat, Zhang Xuandong, the owner of Haofeng Electronic Technology Co—an IR thermometer producer in Dongguan, Guangdong Province in China—openly talked about waging war against the US. Zhang wrote:

” [Let’s] produce some faulty products and sell them to the US. They (the thermometers) should read 36.5 ºC when the actual temperature is 39 ºC. In this way, more and more American people will be infected. Let’s see if they still have people left to go to other countries to harm others!”

After one member responds with three laughing emojis, Zhang continues:

“Isn’t that a great idea? Without using one single soldier, we can make money, as well as make peace around the world.”

Another member then responds:

“No, we don’t want to make any money from the Americans. Let them help and rely on themselves.”

Let's lower the IR thermometer threshold for units sold in the US
Image 5
: The DingTalk conversation about deliberately lowering the IR thermometer threshold for units sold in the US and Zhang Xuandong, the owner of Haofeng Electronic Technology Co.

Conclusion
Regardless of the root cause of the thermometer poor performance, the fact remains that all of the tested Chinese units were faulty. So, if you need to make critical decisions about patient care, go with a quality device like the Fluke 62 Max. With the Fluke, you will get US based support, a quality warranty, and piece of mind that your thermometer will work in a consistent and predictable manner. Regardless of make and model, unless you certify the gear independently, stay away from Chinese IR thermometers. The same advice also applies to other Chinese medical testing equipment.

FDA Approved,Most Accurate Forehead Thermometer
Image 6
: Typical claims made by a Chinese IR thermometer manufacturer selling on Amazon regarding precision, FDA approval, and accuracy

FDA Approved High Accuracy Chinese IR Thermometers
Image 7: False claims made by Chinese IR thermometer manufacturers sold on Amazon regarding performance and clinical testing and certification

It's always 36.x degrees here
Video 1:
The magic Chinese thermometer that always reads 36.X degrees. The unit doesn’t have actual thermometer components

References and Sources
XRVision Sentinel AI Platform – Face recognition, image reconstruction, and object classification

A Note About Core Body vs. Surface Temperature
Anyone who has experimented with baking a thanksgiving turkey knows that a thermometer inserted into the center of a turkey will yield a different temperature than taking a surface measurement with an IR thermometer. Similarly, pointing an IR thermometer at human skin will not yield a reading of 98.6°F but rather something closer to 93°F or 96°F. This reading can depend on many factors such as skin reflectivity, moisture, hair, etc. (a reading of approximately 98.6°F is considered ‘core’ body temperature and must be measured in a body orifice.)

Temperature Baseline Verification Procedures
As part of benchmarking the IR thermometers, I’ve used the following two test procedures to establish the baseline for each device:

Ice Water Test
The purpose of this test is to determine if the IR thermometer can accurately read the water/ice temperature of approximately 32.0°F. To perform this test, I followed these steps:

  1. Filled a glass with crushed ice and added water to fill the gaps between the ice cubes.
  2. Allowed the ice/water to rest for 120 seconds.
  3. Stirred the mixture to get uniform distribution of water and ice.
  4. Attached the infrared thermometer to a holder located over the top of the ice/water at a distance of 3″ with the lens at a 90° angle and centered it over the ice/water.
  5. Took 10 consecutive readings at 10 second increments

Infrared Comparator Cup
The purpose of this test was to compare the accuracy of an infrared thermometer to a calibrated immersion type thermometer at a temperature other than that of ice/water. The reading of the IR thermometer should match that of the reference thermometer within the stated specifications. To perform this test, I followed these steps:

  1. Used a machined aluminum cup with a flat surface with a solid matte black coating. The cup walls shield the surface from air currents in the room and the mass of the base provided for temperature stability.
  2. Inserted the reference thermometer and allowed it to stabilize for five minutes.
  3. Pointed the IR thermometer at the target inside the cup using the same distance and geometry as with the Ice Water test.
  4. Took 10 consecutive readings at a 10 second increments

Copyright 2020 Yaacov Apelbaum, All Rights Reserved.